If you’re looking to move to Australia on a working holiday visa, you might want to know what you’re in store for. Here’s my experience moving down under.
If you’ve been following along here you’ll know that after teaching English in Vietnam with ILA I decided to leave that career behind and moved to Australia. The decision was made when my manger at ILA asked me what my year two goals were and I told him I had none because I didn’t really want to be teaching for all that long and he told me ‘careful, all of a sudden you’ll turn around and you’ll have been stuck doing this for 10 years.’ PANIC.
So I abandoned Vietnam and move to Australia. Since I didn’t plan to have work lined up I would need an alternative way to get a visa – cue a working holiday visa.
What is a working holiday visa?
That’s a great question. A working holiday visa (sometimes called a work and holiday visa) is a scheme which encourages young people to move abroad for a short period of time (1-2 years) and work only enough to maintain their lives in that country and allow them to travel. Basically, the countries that offer these visas want you to make enough money to spend that money in their country. They are not meant to encourage people to emigrate, though that often happens. And, being directed towards young people they also hope to invite people who will not be a drain on the tax payers dollars whether that be through health costs or social assistance. Working holiday visas are available around the world, but where your passport comes from will dictate where you are allowed to obtain one of these such visas. Canadians, for example, have a vastly longer list of countries they can move to than I, as an American have.
Who is eligible for a working holiday visa?
This answer does vary based on your home country. I am American, so I can speak to the details of eligibility for Americans.
- You must be between the ages of 18-30 years old when you enter the country.
- You must have a valid passport
- You must have proof of access to AU$5,000 – this can sometimes be less if you have already booked a return flight
- You must be outside Australia at the time of your application
- You must not have dependents who will move to Australia with you
That’s pretty much all that you need – it’s straightforward.
How do you apply for a working holiday visa?
Online. The application itself costs AU$485 and you’ll want to have your documents in order so you can quickly get through the process. Your documents will include:
- Your passport
- A bank statement in your name showing access to the needed funds
- Fee payment
It really is quite simple. The only thing you might run into is the need for a chest x-ray. I had to get one done due to the fact that I lived in Vietnam previous to my application. The Australian government lists countries which they consider low risk for tuberculosis – this is based on WHO data. If any country which you have lived in is not on this list you’ll need to get a chest x-ray at an approved facility. For me, being in Vermont at the time of my application, this meant driving down to Boston to the closest approved facility. I paid for the x-ray out of pocket, I don’t remember the exact cost but I believe it was around $150. The facility knew exactly what it was for, completed the x-ray within minutes and I went to have lunch with a cousin. I did this after my initial application, I was told that I needed to and was given the information to complete it. Don’t get an x-ray until you have been instructed to do so.
How soon will you get an answer on your Visa?
According to the government website they respond to 75% of applications within 17 days and 90% of applications within 42 days. Likely, if you have your documents in order and do not have any need for further medical exams or supporting documents you will get an answer in fewer than 17 days.
My timeline looked like this:
- I submitted my application on November 6th
- I received a letter stating I needed to get a chest x-ray on November 21st
- I received my confirmation of approved visa on November 27th
What work can you do on a working holiday visa?
Anything! So long as you are legally employed and paying Australian taxes, you are eligible to work in any field doing any job. I worked first as an au pair, and then went back to teaching English. I know, I know – the point of going to Australia was supposed to be to get away from the field. Oh well.
There is one catch to the complete freedom to work though; you can only stay in any one position for six months. This is to keep people from becoming too permanent and thus less likely to emigrate. If an employer does really like you though, and wants to keep you on, they can transition you onto a sponsored work visa. It is unlikely that many employers will do this unless you are in a specialized field.
What about a second year visa?
If you’ve been doing your working holiday research you will more than likely have come across the second year visa option. This is all a bit confusing, and I’m totally not the person to be giving you any advice with authority on this. But, it is totally important to be aware of the existence of the second year as you will need to do things in your first year in order to be eligible. Let me backtrack though; it’s actually pretty straightforward to get your second year visa, it just involves working in rural Australia, in one of several approved fields, for 88 days, in order to be eligible. The confusing part though is the eligibility of Americans. I am quite sure there was a time when Americans were not included in those eligible, but I am somewhat sure that is no longer true. Do your research on this one elsewhere.
What did my working holiday look like?
It was a year – almost exactly bookended by two New Year’s, so it would take a long time to really get into the details of all that I did and all that I saw and all the people I met and all the feelings I had. But here are some highlights:
- I taught English in Sydney while sleeping on my friend from Morocco’s couch (she’s from Michigan but I met her in Morocco)
- I then went to the Gold Coast and au paired
- The couple I was au pairing for on the Gold Coast broke up and I went with the mom and the two girls to Orange
- I lived with the same family in Orange but did less au pairing
- Instead I taught riding lessons, trained horses, and also bought myself a horse
- About mid way through my year I decided I missed money and moved back to Sydney and taught English again
- But first, when I arrived in Sydney I worked at a race track as a groom for Gai Waterhouse
- And then I dated one of my students (he’s two years older than me – it’s totally legal, don’t worry) and left the country
I think that sums it up – pretty much.
Got any working holiday questions? Let me know in the comments and I’ll do my best to answer them, but if you’re looking for more specific guidance on regulations you’re best to look at a government site. I, though, can talk Aussie boys, rural New South Wales, life in Sydney, and all the goodness that is Aussie sunshine.
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